The Czech Republic boasts captivating architecture, rich cultural heritage, affordable living by European benchmarks, and top-notch free education. Possessing a permanent residence permit here allows one to reside, work, traverse the Schengen zone without hindrance, avail of social benefits, and eventually be eligible for citizenship.
To obtain a permanent residence in the Czech Republic, one must have resided in the country for over five years, fulfil specific applicant criteria, and gather the necessary documentation. Explore the eligibility criteria for applying, the required documents, and the typical processing time.
- First Steps to Obtain a Permanent Residence Permit in the Czech Republic
- Requirements for Obtaining a Permanent Residence Permit in the Czech Republic
- Package of Documents for Obtaining a Permanent Residence Permit in the Czech Republic
- Taking the Czech Language Proficiency Exam
- Where to Apply for Permanent Residence
- Application Processing Time
- What to Do in Case of Rejection
- Can Permanent Residence Be Revoked?
- Benefits of Permanent Residence in the Czech Republic
First Steps to Obtain a Permanent Residence Permit in the Czech Republic
Before applying for a residence card, foreign nationals first obtain a temporary residence permit, which grants them a stay exceeding 90 days. Its duration ranges between nine months to two years, contingent on individual circumstances. For a Czech residence permit application, the fundamental set of documents comprises:
- A completed residence permit application for foreign citizens;
- two 35x45 mm photographs;
- A copy of a valid ID;
- A bank statement verifying income or savings;
- Proof of accommodation, either through a lease agreement or a property ownership certificate;
- A certificate confirming no criminal record;
- A medical examination certificate;
- Health insurance documentation;
- Proof of fee payment: 2,500 CZK (approximately $108) for adults or 1,000 CZK (approximately $43) for children under 15 years old.
The Czech Republic offers various pathways for obtaining a temporary residence permit, each with its own specific documentation requirements:
- Employment: Applicants need to present a signed employment contract with a Czech-based employer and a document that confirms approval from the Czech Republic's Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.
- Study: Students should provide proof of enrolment at a Czech educational institution. Additionally, they must offer a statement of income, ensuring it meets or exceeds the country's stipulated subsistence minimum.
- Business: Entrepreneurs are required to register their company in the country's commercial ledger, fulfil all tax obligations associated with their business, and produce a certificate detailing their monthly income.
- Family Reunification: Those seeking to join family in the Czech Republic must furnish documents that validate their familial connection to Czech citizens. This could be a marriage certificate, birth certificate, or adoption papers.
- Job Search: a foreigner in search of employment provides the data on the availability of funds for the period of validity of the residence permit or sufficient level of legal income.
It is important to note that the Czech Republic does not grant a residence permit for investment, but opens the way for a residence permit for foreign entrepreneurs launching their business in the country.
All documents must be officially translated into Czech and notarized. Either the applicant or their representative should submit the application to the Ministry of Interior of the Czech Republic. This can be done in person, by mail, or online, and should be completed at least three months prior to the expiration of the applicant's current visa. The processing time for the application is typically 60 days.
Prague. Photo: Dmitry Goykolov (Unsplash)
Requirements for Obtaining a Permanent Residence Permit in the Czech Republic
Non-European Union citizens can apply for a permanent residence card in the Czech Republic after residing legally and continuously for five years. A stay is deemed continuous if the applicant hasn't been outside the Czech Republic for over six consecutive months and the total absences don't exceed 310 days. Exceptions to this absence period, up to a year, are permitted in special circumstances, such as seeking medical treatment abroad, childbirth, or studying at an overseas university.
Individuals who can verify their Czech ancestry, those married to a Czech citizen, those who have adopted a Czech child, and single retirees with a Czech child can apply for a residence permit after living in the country for two years. EU Blue Card holders seeking permanent residency in the Czech Republic follow similar guidelines.
For students seeking a Czech residence permit, each year of study in the Czech Republic is counted as six months towards their residence duration.
Package of Documents for Obtaining a Permanent Residence Permit in the Czech Republic
To apply for permanent residency in the Czech Republic, foreigners must compile the following list of documents. Each document should either be in the national language or professionally translated into Czech and subsequently notarized:
- A residence permit application, available on the official website of the Czech Republic's Ministry of Interior, completed in Czech using printed letters.
- An ID and a copy.
- Two 35x45 photographs.
- Documentation proving the requisite duration of legal residence in the country, which ranges from two to five years based on the grounds for seeking permanent residency.
- Evidence of established residence, such as a lease agreement or a real estate ownership certificate.
- A certificate detailing monthly income and savings to verify the applicant's financial stability.
- Proof of proficiency in the Czech language, at a minimum of the A2 level.
- A certificate confirming no criminal record.
- Receipt or proof of the application fee payment: 2,500 CZK (approximately $108) for adults and 1,000 CZK (around $43) for children under 15 years old.
Prague. Photo: Denis Poltoradnev (Unsplash)
Taking the Czech Language Proficiency Exam
Most individuals applying for a permanent residence permit in the Czech Republic are required to pass a Czech language proficiency test. This exam is conducted as many as twenty-three times annually at various language schools across the country. However, specific groups of foreign nationals are exempt from this requirement:
- Applicants either below 15 years of age or above 65.
- Individuals with medical conditions that impair their communication skills.
- Those who have attended a school or university where instruction was provided in Czech for at least a year within the past two decades.
The initial attempt at the Czech language proficiency exam is free of charge. However, any follow-up tries are priced at 1,500 CZK (approximately $65). While there's no cap on the total number of attempts, candidates are restricted to a maximum of three tries within a single year. On average, the exam duration is around one and a half hours, encompassing reading, writing, listening, and a verbal interaction with the examiner.
You can reschedule a previously submitted exam registration up to seven days before the test date. A full cancellation is only permitted if the applicant provides a valid reason, either in person or in writing. Without a legitimate reason, the complimentary attempt is forfeited or the exam fee is non-refundable.
You can sign up for the exam online. Upon successful completion, the certificate is provided immediately. If an individual passes the test, including the listening segment, but is denied a residence permit for another reason, they won't need to retake the language certification when reapplying. The previously earned certificate suffices.
Where to Apply for Permanent Residence
Unlike the application for a residence permit, the application for a Czech permanent residence can be submitted only in person (legal guardians represent the foreigners under the age of 15 years old). It is necessary to make an appointment in advance through the official portal of the local Ministry of Interior.
Application Processing Time
When a complete and accurate set of documents is provided, the Czech Republic's Ministry of Interior responds within 60 days of receiving the permanent residence application. Should there be further inquiries during the application's review, the process is paused until the necessary additional information is submitted.
Applicants can check their application status anytime either by directly reaching out to the relevant authority or by tracking their application using its reference number on the official website. If approved, foreigners are informed either via phone or in written form. They are then required to provide their biometric data within 60 days of this approval. Once all steps are completed, the Czech Republic's permanent resident card is issued to the applicant.
Adults with permanent residence cards need to renew them every 10 years, while children under 15 must renew theirs every five years.
Prague. Photo: Alice (Unsplash)
What to Do in Case of Rejection
If a foreigner's application for permanent residence is denied, they will be informed via mail. They have 15 days from the date of rejection to file an appeal. This appeal can be sent by mail or submitted in person at a branch of the Czech Republic's Ministry of the Interior.
Reasons for denying permanent residence can encompass discrepancies in the provided documents, the applicant's presence on the European Union's list of undesirables, criminal records from another country, identification of a severe contagious disease, prior deportation from another EU nation, or intentional misrepresentation of personal information.
Can Permanent Residence Be Revoked?
A permanent residence card can be revoked if the holder is found guilty of tax evasion, commits a criminal offence, or departs from the country for over six years. While stays within EU countries are typically exempt, the residence permit can be rescinded if the individual exits the EU region for longer than a year.
Benefits of Permanent Residence in the Czech Republic
Holders of a Czech Republic permanent residence card enjoy rights nearly equivalent to citizens. They can travel freely within the country, the EU, and the Schengen zone; access social benefits such as pensions; and work without needing a specific labour permit. Additionally, permanent residence provides access to complimentary state insurance and high-quality medical care.
The Czech Republic draws foreigners for reasons beyond social benefits. With its rich cultural heritage and scenic beauty, it boasts well-preserved mediaeval structures ranging from castles to cobblestone streets. Its temperate climate offers warm summers and mild winters, making it an ideal location for those seeking a moderate climate without extreme temperatures.
After residing continuously in the country for ten years, a foreigner can pursue a Czech passport, with permanent residence being a crucial precursor. Acquiring Czech citizenship eases residency duration requirements and enables participation in local elections. Additionally, the Czech Republic permits dual citizenship. Thus, when obtaining a Czech passport, there's no obligation to relinquish your original passport, assuming your home country imposes no restrictions on this.
In a Nutshell
Obtaining a permanent residence permit is more straightforward for those with Czech ancestry or EU citizen status. Still, non-EU foreigners seeking permanent residency in the Czech Republic will find the wait reasonable. The Czech Republic offers accommodating conditions for immigrants, especially when compared to other European standards.
When applying, it's crucial to fulfil the residency duration requirements, comply with the law, attain proficiency in the state language for effective societal integration, and gather all necessary documents.
Cover photo: Prague, William Zhang (Unsplash)